Recently a suit was decided in the courts that classified a police officer's order to "stay put" as a seizure per the Fourth Amendment. In the case, an officer approached an individual who was loitering. The officer requested Mr. Benson's ID and while he was running the background check he told Mr. Benson to "stay put." Benson filed suit against the officer as well as the city and claimed that the officer had violated his Fourth Amendment rights. The Ninth Circuit court agreed that the initial contact was consensual, but since the officer did not have enough reason to suspect Benson of criminal activities his order to "stay put" made the stop a seizure as defined by the Fourth Amendment. The court also found that the actions by the officer did implicate municipal liability since the officer as well as the police chief testified that the officer did act within the police department's policy and procedure.